Thursday, October 29, 2009

World History, Rome Quiz Review

We are going to work on a study guide that will dramatically help you for the quiz. While the quiz is not open-book or open-note, the questions will be very similar to the questions on the review sheet. Once you have completed the guide please, please look it over before you take the quiz.

Vocab: You will be responsible for knowing these words and why they are important.

Punic wars
pax romana
civil war

Multiple Choice, Short Answers, True/False Topics

What is the legend of Rome’s founding?

Who were the first people to live in Rome?

Why was a republic established in Rome?

Why was Rome’s location so important for trade

What was the cause for the Punic Wars?

What was the significance of the 12 tables?

Who was Hannibal?

Why did Rome fall? (6-8 sentences)

How did Christianity originate (6-8 sentences)

Tuesday, October 27, 2009

African American History, October 27

Today in class we looked at the early free black societies of the north. We read about the importance and contributions of the black church, schools, and societies. Our assignment is as follows: After reading pgs. 154-159 in the textbook, imagine you are a free black living in Philadelphia in 1805. Describe your daily life. Be sure to include any clubs or organizations that you are a part of, the role of the church, and the schooling process. The assignment will be tomorrow at the end of class and should be about a page in length.

African American Grades are up!

Caution: These grades are most likley lower than they actually appear. I included the video worksheet to the grades and I am well aware that a good number of students have yet to see the video. If you grade is very low, I can tell you how to raise it!

Monday, October 26, 2009

African American History, October 26

Today in African American history we looked at the constitutional convention in regards to slavery. The founding fathers purposely omitted 'slavery' from the constitution but there are many references including the 3/5ths compromise which counted a slave as 60% of a person. While a slave could not vote, the south was given a larger proportionate representation in congress because slaves were counted in the general census at a 3/5 fraction. This would become a contentious issue throughout western expansion and was eventually settled in the Civil War. Additionally the Slave Fugitive Act allowed slave owners to cross state lines to capture a slave. As we discussed last week, a slave who fought for the Continental Army received his freedom at the conclusion of the war if he was from the north; a slave from the south therefore could runaway to a northern state and assume a life as a black free man. The Slave Fugitive Act was put into place to discourage slaves from running away to the north.

Wednesday, October 21, 2009

African American History: Who is Crispus Attucks?

Describe Crispus Attucks Ancestry?

What was Crispus Attucks doing when the Boston Massacre occurred?

What was the punishment for the British soldiers?

What are two ways that Crispus Attucks is remembered today?

Tuesday, October 20, 2009

African American History, October 20

Today in class we looked at the colonialists grievances against Britain. After the 7 Years War Britain had amassed debt and looked to the colonies for revenue. The colonialists were not happy and set up the Continental Congress to oppose new taxes. The product, the Declaration of Independence, included the phrase , 'unalienable rights of life liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.' We see however that these statements by the founding fathers seem contradictory to the practice of slavery; the colonies look to emancipate themselves from Britain under the premise that man is free, yet colonialists are unable to part from the practice of slavery.

African American History, Homework Oct 20

Senate Denies D.C. Voting Rights
'Taxation Without Representation' Rally Cry Falls on Deaf Ears

A slogan from the Revolutionary War is alive and well in the nation's capital. ..

Continue reading here....

Monday, October 19, 2009

World History, October 19

Today in World History we are looking at Rome from republic to empire. Our assignment is to answer one of two questions:

How did Rome move from a Republic to an Empire?

Describe daily life in Pax Romana-era Rome?

Students will read the corresponding section of the textbook and outline the main points and supporting details. There should be 3 main points and at least two supporting details for each main point.

Example of the assignment:

MP1: Economic Turmoil led to the decline of the republic
s1: bigger gap between rich and poor meant uneven power among citizens
s2: Civil War Broke out

will evolve into:

One major reason for the decline of the Roman republic and the rise of an Empire was economic division between classes. Under the republic there was equal representation by the Senate and Tribune. As the Rich got richer they did not want equal representation. A civil war eventually broke out as the economic turmoil proved too difficult to reconcile which lead to the rise of the Empire.

Thursday, October 15, 2009

African American History Quiz Review

I have included highlights from the sections of reading based on your presentations. I want everyone to study this sheet and also Black Restistance and Rebellion that we will learn about tomorrow. The Quiz will cover African-American history 1700-1750:

  • The Great Awakening

  • The African-American Impact of Colonial Culture

  • Language, Music, and Folk Literature

  • Black Women in Colonial America

  • Black Resistance and Rebellion

Wednesday, October 14, 2009

African American History, October 14

In First Lady’s Roots, a Complex Path From Slavery

WASHINGTON — In 1850, the elderly master of a South Carolina estate took pen in hand and painstakingly divided up his possessions. Among the spinning wheels, scythes, tablecloths and cattle that he bequeathed to his far-flung heirs was a 6-year-old slave girl valued soon afterward at $475.
In his will, she is described simply as the “negro girl Melvinia.” After his death, she was torn away from the people and places she knew and shipped to Georgia. While she was still a teenager, a white man would father her first-born son under circumstances lost in the passage of time.
Continue here:

World History Homework, October 14

Oldest Skeleton of Human Ancestor Found
Jamie ShreeveScience editor, National Geographic magazine
October 1, 2009

Move over, Lucy. And kiss the missing link goodbye.
Scientists today announced the discovery of the oldest fossil skeleton of a human ancestor. The find reveals that our forebears underwent a previously unknown stage of evolution more than a million years before Lucy, the iconic early human ancestor specimen that walked the Earth 3.2 million years ago.

Attention African American History Students:

I tried to calculate your grades last night but it quickly became evident that I was wasting my time because of all of the work missing in 3rd and 5th periods. All missing work (with the exception of the video assignment) needs to be made up by Monday, October 19th. After Monday all missing grades will become a '0' in my gradebook. Get your work done! I have incomplete projects on my desk and missing assignments available online. It is very hard to pass the class if you do not do your work regularly, remember 100+100+100+0 = 75% average.

Tuesday, October 13, 2009

Periods World History Grades as of 10/13/09

You may ask yourself, why are my grades so low? Chances are you are missing assignments and therefore have a '0' instead of a grade. See me asap to get things sorted out asap!  Click on spreadsheet to magnify.

African American History, Oct 13,15

In African American History we have divided the class into 4 groups. The groups will spend one day researching either the Great Awakening, language, music, folk literature, African American impact on colonial culture, and black women in colonial America. Tuesday will be spent in groups reading the materials, synthesizing the information, and preparing to share the information with the class. Wednesday is a shortened day and I will have mercy on my 10th graders who take PSATs. On thursday the students will share the important information of their assigned topic to the rest of the class in a graded presentation. Students will be responsible to record the notes of the other presenting groups. On Friday we will have a short quiz on the information.

Easiest Extra Credit Assignment of the Year!

For all of my classes I am offering 5 extra credit points towards class participation/homework grade. All you need to do is sign up for the blog to receive updates. It's that easy, since you have found the blog you are already half way there! In order to join just click on the link in the upper-right-hand corner. I will check back after school on Friday and add points to all those students who are wise enough to take advantage of this 'assignment.'

Thursday, October 8, 2009

How did the evolving economy of the British colonies come to depend on a race-based system of slavery?

Notes from class:

In the early Jamestown colony there were indentured servants – a European tradition mostly white, but also Africans

Blacks and whites indentured servants worked and lived together

Virginia soon proved to have a perfect climate and soil for Tobacco production - 1630 Virginia was producing over 1,500,000 pounds of tobacco per year. The majority was exported to Europe.

Free blacks were entitled all of the same freedoms that free whites had – owned land, lent money, sued in courts, served as jurors

The British elites viewed Africans as ‘alien’ and treated them differently – poor whites did not

British establish Chattel Slavery

1640-1700 labor changed from mostly white indentured servants to black slaves

British already had a history of chattel slavery from the Islands where they grew sugar –viewed other people as inferior

British gained control of the transatlantic slave trade

African slaves were first imported to America in the 1700's to help with tobacco production.

The more tobacco that was produced, the more slave labor became necessary

Slaves were now property of their masters for life – different than indentured servants (see John Punch from movie)

Blacks were sold at higher prices because they would serve for their entire lives

By 1660s the colonies had seen slavery as the natural condition of black people

This was the beginning of a two-tier system based on race

House of Burgesses (Virginia’s Government) affirmed that a child’s status would follow the mother

By 1700 African slaves had the same rights as livestock but unlike animals they were also responsible for their transgressions

Wednesday, October 7, 2009

African American History, missing work? Here you go

It has come to my attention (and my grade book) that a number of students have not completed and submitted the Olaudah Equiano in-class assignment. We are moving ahead but it is still important that the assignment gets done! The interim reports will reflect that I have not received the assignment but if you get it done, your quarter grade will include the assignment. I have attached the website that I took the excerpts of the primary source document and also the questions that you are responsible for answering. please, please, please, hand in your work!

Excerpts of The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa the African (London, 1789).

Questions to Answer

1. Describe the Oloudah Equiano's family

2. Describe how Equiano was taken into slavery

3. Describe Equiano's Captors

4. What were a few of the sights that Equiano experienced?
5. Describe one episode of cruelty on the Slaver

6. Describe one way in which the crew prevented the slaves from rebelling

7. Describe Equiano's first encounters with Planters (know the def. of a Planter)

8. What did the old Africans tell Equiano once he reached harbor?

9. What was the firs think that struck Equiano when he came to land?

10. Describe the process of buying slaves as told by Equiano

African American History Extra Credit (October-December)

Here is an extra credit assignment that you may complete anytime this quarter. You will receive upto 10 extra credit points for each book that you read if it is about African American History. Before you begin, let me know the title so that I can approve the book. Once you have completed the book, please write a one page reflection. You have the ability to read multiple books for extra extra-credit.

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

African American History, October 6

This week we began looking at slavery in the first British colony. The indentured servant model of slavery was imported from Europe. Under the system, people would become slaves for a certain number of years before becoming free. There were Africans in the original Jamestown colony but they were the small minority. Indentured servitude turned to Chattel Slavery – the ownership of a person for a lifetime – as the tobacco industry flourished. The growth of slavery in the British colonies also corresponded to the British’s control over the transatlantic slave trade. There was also a shift in laws that discriminated against Africans in the colonies. Blacks could no longer convert to Christianity, a major setback because a Christian could not enslave another Christian. There was also a law passed that stated all children of African women were now property of the woman’s owner. Today we are watching Part one of the movie Slavery and the Making of America.

World History Greece Quiz Review

Greece was populated by a number of city-states. We looked at different types of government; monarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy, and democracy. You should know the characteristics of each. Athens had a direct democracy system of Government. Citizens who served in the senate could propose and vote on laws directly. When the founding fathers were looking for a type of government for the United States, they relied upon the Athenian model of democracy. You should have in your notes the similarities and differences between the American indirect democracy and the Athenian direct democracy. Sparta was an example of an oligarchy - a city-state dominated by the military. To halt possible revolts by the Helots, Spartan men served in the army from age 7-60. The Persian War unified the armies of Athens and Sparta to create the Delian League of Nations to protect Greek interests.

Monday, October 5, 2009

African American History Writing Assignment

Using your notes please write approximately one page to answer the following question: How did the evolving economy of the British Colonies come to depend on a race-based system of slavery? The Paper is due on Friday, October 9th. It may be typed or hand-written. Please check the blog daily in the African American History section for support.

Sunday, October 4, 2009

World History: Extra Credit Opportunity!

For all World History classes you have an opportunity to earn some extra credit and boost your grade. All you have to do is watch the movie '300' and tell me what you think was historically accurate in the movie and what was embellished (made up for entertainment's sake). Please hand in this assignment no later than Friday, October 9th. For more information about the movie see

Friday, October 2, 2009

World History, October 2nd

Today in World History we are looking at the Athenian model of democracy and comparing it to our own. The founding fathers looked to classical civilizations when creating a new government system and preferred the Athenian model. Unlike a monarchy, which we learned about yesterday, the founding fathers preferred a system that gave the governing powers to its citizens. Several tweaks were necessary to accommodate life in the 1700s but on the whole there were many similarities. These similarities included political powers exercised by the citizens and three separate branches of government. We also learned that when Washington DC was being built there were architectural similarities to Athens, which looked to invoke the democratic ideals through a physical representation. The top photo is the Parthenon in Athens. Below is the United States Supreme Court Building.

African American History Chapter 2 Review

Here is a review of what we learned in Chapter 2 of African American History.

Section 1:
The Atlantic slave trade has its origins in Western Europe’s expansion that began in the 15th century
When Portuguese travelers arrived in West Africa, they found a thriving slave trade, fuelled by demand for slaves in Muslim countries
Europeans became new consumers in the trade
The cultivation of sugar in the new world provided an important stimulus for the rapid expansion of the slave trade between Africa and the Americas

Section 2:
Many of the Africans who were shipped to the Americas were enslaved as a result of the warfare that accompanied the formation of West African States
Captured slaves were marched to coastal factories where they were [processed before transportation to the Americas
Conditions on board slavers were horrible and many slaves died during the long voyage, most from disease
In addition, female slaves were subject to the sexual predation of sailors. Slaves frequently rebelled or committed suicide, taking one last opportunity to control their own fate.

Section 3:
As slaves ships arrived at their destinations, crews prepared their human cargo for sale, doing what they could to make the slaves look as strong and healthy as possible
Once sold, slaves were assigned to work in gangs and endured seasoning, a disciplinary process designed to turn them into compliant and effective laborersDespite the best efforts of planters, slaves were not completely de-socialized by transportation and seasoning. They retained elements of their culture and reinforced these elements through the building of relationships with their fellow slaves

Thursday, October 1, 2009

October 1, 2009

Today in African American History we looked at primary source documents. We first saw various scenes of the middle passage. These images included slaves taken to port, the branding process, abuse aboard the slaver, and the inspection process where slaves were sold. We also read excerpts of The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, written in 1789.